Scoliosis: A Brief Overview By Orthopedic Alternatives

June 6, 2012

Scoliosis is a poorly understood sideways curving of the human spine. The spine is naturally curved, but the curves are from front to rear of the body; a normal spine appears to be straight up and down when assessed from the rear. The curvature referenced by scoliosis can make the spine look more like the letter C or S when viewed from the rear.

Typically, there are three major causes of scoliosis. The first cause is genetic and is responsible for about 15% of all cases. The second cause is neuromuscular; that is, scoliosis is the result of poor muscle control; weakness of the muscles themselves; or a disease such as polio, muscular dystrophy, or cerebral palsy. Neuromuscular scoliosis accounts for about 10% of all cases. The vast majority of all scoliosis cases, though, are idiopathic, meaning they developed either spontaneously or for reasons we do not know or understand.

About the Author: Orthopedic Alternatives is a New York-based provider of braces for a number of orthopedic conditions, including kyphosis and scoliosis.


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